The Charlotte Mason Way

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We feed a child’s lively curiosity.

“But mind does not live and grow upon entertainment; it requires its solid meals,” she says. Therefore, we safeguard a child’s curiosity with the best we have to offer in books and things. Children are born learners. We can see how babies devote themselves to it—with eyes, ears, nose, hands, and mouth. We can’t do the learning for them. They do that part on their own. When we attempt to “learn them” boredom sets in. 

– Charlotte Mason

The Charlotte Mason method is based on Charlotte’s firm belief that the child is a person and we must educate that whole person, not just his mind. So a Charlotte Mason education is three-pronged: in her words, “Education is an Atmosphere, a Discipline, a Life.”

An Atmosphere, A Discipline, A Life

By “Atmosphere,” Charlotte meant the surroundings in which the child grows up. A child absorbs a lot from his home environment. Charlotte believed that the ideas that rule your life as the parent make up one-third of your child’s education.

By “Discipline,” Charlotte meant the discipline of good habits—and specifically habits of character. Cultivating good habits in your child’s life make up another third of his education.

The other third of education, “Life,” applies to academics. Charlotte believed that we should give children living thoughts and ideas, not just dry facts. So all of her methods for teaching the various school subjects are built around that concept.

 

7 Characteristics of a Charlotte Mason Education

The Charlotte Mason way is a method, not a curriculum, so understanding this will help you make the most of anything you choose to use as your curriculum to educate your children. With this method of educating, your children will learn how to learn, observe and process information. Learning the different aspects of this method will help you to educate the whole child, and growing an independent, self learner.

The teachings and philosophies of Charlotte Mason, a British educator from the last century, are currently experiencing a revival, especially among American private and home schools. Mason’s educational ideas were originally used by governesses in England to educate the children in their charge. Eventually, schools based on her philosophies sprung up throughout England, and her original training school became a college to supply teachers for the Parents’ Union Schools throughout the world.

Mason developed a lifetime love of learning in her students by actively engaging children firsthand with nature, literature, science, history, art, music, and avoiding dumbed-down materials — what she referred to as twaddle — as much as possible.

1. Habits

Charlotte believed that the development of good habits within a child provides the foundation for early education. She wrote, “The mother who takes pains to endow her children with good habits secures for herself smooth and easy days.”

For this reason Charlotte advised delaying formal academics until age six, instead advocating play and work within the gentle boundaries of the family unit.

Charlotte saw good habits as so crucial that she recommended putting all else aside if a bad habit appeared, and working with the child (in a friendly way) to reconcile the issue before it could develop further.

2. Style of Lessons

Charlotte Mason style lessons are short, especially for young children. The goal is to train the child to focus fully on their work, but only for the amount of time they are developmentally capable of.

For early elementary-aged children this often means only 5-15 minutes per subject. In older grades the duration extends to 45 minutes or more.

When a child becomes restless, Charlotte advised changing the lesson to a different type of subject–maybe moving from handwriting to music study, or from math to handicrafts.

Short lessons means that more subjects can be incorporated into a school day. This fits with the Charlotte Mason philosophy of introducing many topics to children and allowing them to delve deeper into the ones that spark their interest.

3. Living Books

Living books are the opposite of textbooks–quality literature (either fiction or non-fiction) written by an author with a passion for the topic. The writer’s passion and expertise breathes life into the book, as opposed to a textbook that gives impersonal overviews of many topics.

Living books present inspiring stories that engage the minds of children and adults alike, providing characters our children can look up to and emulate.

4. Narration

A Charlotte Mason-style education uses narration as one of the central methods to evaluate a student. The goal is to teach a child to think and express themselves clearly.

Up until the age of 10 or 11, Charlotte advises teachers to use mainly oral narration with a child. After listening to a short passage of a book, the child will tell back, in his or her own words, important aspects of the story.

Letting a young child do this orally helps them develop analytical thinking skills without getting stuck by the physical mechanics of handwriting.  At around age 11 Charlotte Mason teachers begin having children do written narrations, which lengthen and become more in depth as children get older.

5. Dictation

Dictation exercises introduce and reinforce spelling and grammar concepts.

Charlotte recommends using inspiring quotations or Scripture for dictation. The child studies the passage until they are certain of the spelling and punctuation. Then the teacher dictates the passage slowly while the child writes it down.

Formal grammar study is usually delayed until age 10 or 11 in a Charlotte Mason education.

6. Art & Music Study

Charlotte Mason believed in exposing a child to greatness in many forms, which is why she introduced music and art appreciation at her schools.

In Charlotte’s schools, one composer or artist was studied each term–both through experiencing the music and art, reading living books about the artist, and perhaps reproducing the style through art or music lessons.

7. Nature Study

Charlotte thought children should spend as much time as possible outdoors, especially as young students.

Students kept their own detailed nature journals and also used nature best roids guides to discover and identify the natural world in their neighborhood.

Charlotte Mason’s ideas created an educational revolution when she developed them. She believed that, regardless of what social class they belonged to, children deserved dignity and respect. She hoped education would open the doors of equality and opportunity to all.

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Charlotte Mason’s educational philosophy can be characterized as a Christ-centered philosophy of education for Christian discipleship, a unique contribution in the history of Christian and educational thought.

This method of homeschooling allows you the freedom to slow down, to cherish the sweet moments of childhood, and to embrace the world around you, while completely losing yourself in the books of people, places and ideas. If you feel like you need to simplify your homeschooling, the Charlotte Mason method can help you do that.

 

Charlotte Mason Books All Homeschool Moms Should Read

Charlotte Mason books are so inspiring and full of ideas that can be implemented with any curriculum, or routine in learning.

 

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1.  A Charlotte Mason Companion: Personal Reflections on The Gentle Art of Learning by Karen Andreola

This modern classic is written by the homeschool mom who first carried Charlotte Mason’s writings to America in her suitcase in 1987. Miss Mason’s books were soon republished for a new generation. After ten years of intense study and successful application of Miss Mason’s principles with her own children, Karen wrote A Charlotte Mason Companion: Personal Reflections on The Gentle Art of Learning ™.

Today’s parents can now see what a Charlotte Mason education looks like in a contemporary setting while gleaning from its many benefits. Charlotte Mason’s principles of education are not only a way of learning but also a way of life. A Charlotte Mason Companion gives you powerful tools to create an extraordinary learning experience. At the turn of every page, you will meet a practical idea and the inspiration to carry it out. Chapters on using good books, heroes in history, poetry, art and music appreciation, nature study, the atmosphere of home, the discipline of habit, keeping up enthusiasm, (to name a few) are referred to again and again by Karen’s readers. Since its debut in 1998, A Charlotte Mason Companion continues to be one of the most trusted and often quoted books in the home school world. Plenty of encouragement, wisdom and gentle instruction await you in this beautifully written and beautifully illustrated book.

 

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2.  A Charlotte Mason Education: A Home Schooling How-To Manual by Catherine Levison

The immensely popular ideas of Charlotte Mason have inspired educators for many decades. Her unique methodology as written about in her six-volume series established the necessary protocols for an education above and beyond that which can be found in traditional classroom settings.

In A Charlotte Mason Education, Catherine Levison has collected the key points of Charlotte Mason’s methods and presents them in a simple, straightforward way that will allow families to quickly maximize the opportunities of home schooling. With weekly schedules, a challenging and diverse curriculum will be inspire and educate your child. A Charlotte Mason Education is the latest tool for parents seeking the best education for their children.

 

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3. The Charlotte Mason Way Explained by Dollie Freeman

Although this method originated in the 1800’s, it is still very relevant to today’s homeschool. Learn how to implement the methods of old into today’s homeschool, while satisfying state requirements and preparing your children for higher education.

This eBook is jammed packed full of information on every method and how to teach it into today’s homeschooling using the Charlotte Mason Way, through preschool to High School. You will be getting the experience of a veteran Charlotte Mason homeschooler, who has used this method of teaching for seventeen years.

 

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4.  For the Children’s Sake: Foundations of Education for Home and School by Susan Schaeffer Macaulay

For the Children’s Sake is a book about what education can be, based on a Christian understanding of what it means to be human-to be a child, a parent, a teacher-and on the Christian meaning of life. The central ideas have been proven over many years and in almost every kind of educational situation, including ideas that Susan and Ranald Macaulay have implemented in their own family and school experience.

 

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5. When Children Love to Learn: A Practical Application of Charlotte Mason’s Philosophy for Today by Elaine Cooper

They’re hallmarks of childhood. The endless “why” questions. The desire to touch and taste everything. The curiosity and the observations.

It can’t be denied-children have an inherent desire to know. Teachers and parents can either encourage this natural inquisitiveness or squelch it. There is joy in the classroom when children learn-not to take a test, not to get a grade, not to compete with each other, and not to please their parents or their teachers-but because they want to know about the world around them!

Both Christian educators and parents will find proven help in creating a positive learning atmosphere through methods pioneered by Charlotte Mason that show how to develop a child’s natural love of learning. The professional educators, administrators, and Mason supporters contributing to this volume give useful applications that work in a variety of educational settings, from Christian schools to homeschools.

A practical follow-up to Crossway’s For the Children’s Sake, this book follows a tradition of giving serious thought to what education is, so that children will be learning for life and for everlasting life.

 

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6. Habits: The Mother’s Secret to Success by Charlotte Mason, complied by Deborah Taylor-Hough, author of A Twaddle Free Education

A selection of Charlotte Mason’s writings on the topic of Habit Formation in children. Her teachings on the topic of education required six large volumes to cover. This book makes it simple for homeschooling parents to find exactly what they need to learn about Charlotte Mason’s thoughts on establishing good habits.

Mason developed a lifetime love of learning in her students by actively engaging children firsthand with nature, literature, science, history, art, music, and avoiding dumbed-down materials — what she referred to as twaddle — as much as possible.

 

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7. The Outdoor Life of Children: The Importance of Nature Study and Outdoor Activities by Charlotte Mason, complied by Deborah Taylor-Hough

Book Number Two in the Charlotte Mason Topics series, The Outdoor Life of Children is a compilation of Charlotte Mason’s writings on the topics of Nature Study, teaching natural philosophy, and the importance of children being out-of-doors. Now all of Charlotte Mason’s writings on Nature Study and the outdoors (from the original six-volume set) are located in this one, easy-to-use volume.

 

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8. Ideas and Books: The Method of Education by Charlotte Mason, complied by Deborah Taylor-Hough

A selection of Charlotte Mason’s writings on the topic of the place of ideas and books in the education of children. Mason’s teachings on the topic of education required six large volumes to cover. This book makes it simple for homeschooling parents to find exactly what they need to learn about Charlotte Mason’s thoughts on ideas and books.

 

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9. The Living Page: Keeping Notebooks with Charlotte Mason by Laurie Bestvater

“We all have need to be trained to see, and to have our eyes opened before we can take in the joy that is meant for us in this beautiful life.” Charlotte Mason. “Composition books and blank journals are readily available at every big box and corner store, available so inexpensively as to be common and ironic as we reach that digital dominion, the projected ‘paperless culture.’

Shall we despair the future of the notebook? Is the practice an anachronism in an age where one’s thoughts and pictures, doings and strivings are so easily recorded on a smartphone or blog,and students in even the youngest classrooms are handed electronic tablets with textbooks loaded and worksheets at the ready? Or is there something indispensable in the keeping of notebooks without which human beings would be the poorer?” THE LIVING PAGE invites the reader to take a closer look in the timeless company of 19th century educator, Charlotte Mason.

 

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10. Minds More Awake: The Vision of Charlotte Mason by Anne E. White

To open the door to the treasures (and the treasuring) of knowledge is to set children on the journey to an intentional, purposeful life. This exploration of Charlotte Mason’s educational philosophy focuses on two “power tools,” the Way of the Will and the Way of the Reason, and examines the ways in which Mason’s principles are made practical.

 

11. Charlotte Mason: The Home Education Series

Charlotte Mason’s classic series on home education re-released at last, with a fresh transcription formatted to match the original. Large margins make this edition a pleasure read or study.

More Resources to Explore:

https://simplycharlottemason.com/what-is-the-charlotte-mason-method/

https://charlottemasonhomeschooling.com/

http://amblesideonline.org/

https://www.mfwbooks.com/wps/portal/c/about-us/charlotte-mason

https://www.thecharlottemasonway.com/charlotte-mason-curriculum/

https://cathyduffyreviews.com/homeschool-extras/approaches-to-education/charlotte-mason

My Introduction to Charlotte Mason’s Philosophies

https://www.sonlight.com/

Ambleside Online Booklist by Year

http://charlottemasonpoetry.org/contributors/

http://charlottemasonpoetry.org/parents-union-school-time-tables/

http://charlottemasonpoetry.org/notes-of-lessons/#Art-and-Architecture

http://charlottemasonpoetry.org/learning-styles-and-charlotte-mason/

 

Sourced from:

http://simplehomeschool.net/7-characteristics-of-a-charlotte-mason-education/

https://www.joyinthehome.com/10-charlotte-mason-books-all-homeschool-moms-should-read/

Miss Mason says, “…all children must read widely, and know what they have read, for the nourishment of their complex nature.”

When a child becomes a reader his true education begins. Because all true education is self-education.  By reading he envisions, hears, and feels with his developing imagination. Feeding upon ideas invites him to reason and discern. This knowledge is nourishing.

💡 Placare 📚 Docere 🎯 Movere

An ancient Roman orator once laid down for his pupils the three-fold aim of a teacher:

1. Placare (to interest) 2. Docere (to teach) 3. Movere (to move)

1. To interest the audience (in order to teach them).
2. To teach them (in order to move them).
3. To move them to action.

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1. Placare (to interest)

I want especially to insist on attention to this rule. Some teachers seem to think that to interest the pupil is a minor matter. It is not a minor matter and the pupils will soon let you know it.

Believe me, it is no waste of time to spend hours during the week in planning to excite their interest to the utmost. Most of the complaints of inattention would cease at once if the teacher would give more study to rousing their interest. After all, there is little use in knowing the facts of your subject, and being anxious about the souls of the pupils, if all the time that you are teaching, these pupils are yawning and taking no interest in what you say.

I know some have more aptitude for teaching than others. Yet, after considerable experience of teachers whose lesson was a weariness to the flesh, and of teachers who never lost attention for a moment, I am convinced, on the whole, that the power to interest largely depends on the previous preparation.

Therefore do not content yourself with merely studying the teaching. Read widely and freely. Read not only commentaries, but books that will give local interest and color—books that will throw valuable sidelights on your sketch.

To lose their interest is fatal.

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2. Docere (to teach)

You interest the pupil in order that you may teach. Therefore teach definitely the Lesson that is set you. Do not be content with interesting him. Do not be content either with drawing spiritual teaching. Teach the facts before you. Be sure that God has inspired the narration of them for some good purpose.

To do this requires trouble and thought.

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3. Movere (to Move)

All your teaching is useless unless it have this object: to move the heart, to rouse the affections toward the love of God, and the will toward the effort after the blessed life. You interest in order to teach.

You teach in order to move. That is the supreme object.

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Sourced from http://amblesideonline.org/ProphetsKings.html on 2.09.2018

Compiled by Hanlie Wentzel

 

What Kind of Smart is my Child: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Compiled by Hanlie Wentzel on 2 Aug 2018.

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The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. Instead, Dr. Gardner proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults. These intelligences are:

  • Linguistic intelligence (“word smart”)

  • Logical-mathematical intelligence (“number/reasoning smart”)

  • Spatial intelligence (“picture smart”)

  • Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence (“body smart”)

  • Musical intelligence (“music smart”)

  • Interpersonal intelligence (“people smart”)

  • Intrapersonal intelligence (“self smart”)

  • Naturalist intelligence (“nature smart”)

Dr. Gardner says that our schools and culture focus most of their attention on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence. We esteem the highly articulate or logical people of our culture. However, Dr. Gardner says that we should also place equal attention on individuals who show gifts in the other intelligences: the artists, architects, musicians, naturalists, designers, dancers, therapists, entrepreneurs, and others who enrich the world in which we live. Unfortunately, many children who have these gifts don’t receive much reinforcement for them in school. Many of these kids, in fact, end up being labeled “learning disabled,” “ADD (attention deficit disorder,” or simply underachievers, when their unique ways of thinking and learning aren’t addressed by a heavily linguistic or logical-mathematical classroom.

The theory of multiple intelligences proposes a major transformation in the way our schools are run. It suggests that teachers be trained to present their lessons in a wide variety of ways using music, cooperative learning, art activities, role play, multimedia, field trips, inner reflection, and much more (see Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom, 4th ed.).

How to Teach or Learn Anything 8 Different Ways

One of the most remarkable features of the theory of multiple intelligences is how it provides eight different potential pathways to learning. If a teacher is having difficulty reaching a student in the more traditional linguistic or logical ways of instruction, the theory of multiple intelligences suggests several other ways in which the material might be presented to facilitate effective learning. Whether you are a kindergarten teacher, a graduate school instructor, or an adult learner seeking better ways of pursuing self-study on any subject of interest, the same basic guidelines apply. Whatever you are teaching or learning, see how you might connect it with

  • words (linguistic intelligence)
  • numbers or logic (logical-mathematical intelligence)
  • pictures (spatial intelligence)
  • music (musical intelligence)
  • self-reflection (intrapersonal intelligence)
  • a physical experience (bodily-kinesthetic intelligence)
  • a social experience (interpersonal intelligence), and/or
  • an experience in the natural world. (naturalist intelligence)

You don’t have to teach or learn something in all eight ways, just see what the possibilities are, and then decide which particular pathways interest you the most, or seem to be the most effective teaching or learning tools. The theory of multiple intelligences is so intriguing because it expands our horizon of available teaching/learning tools beyond the conventional linguistic and logical methods used in most schools (e.g. lecture, textbooks, writing assignments, formulas, etc.).

The Natural Genius of Children

Every child is a genius. That doesn’t mean that every child can paint like Picasso, compose like Mozart, or score 150 on an I.Q. test. But every child is a genius according to the original meanings of the word “genius,” which are: “to give birth” (related to the word genesis) and “to be zestful or joyous,” (related to the word genial). Essentially, the real meaning of genius is to “give birth to the joy” that is within each child.

Every child is born with that capacity. Each child comes into life with wonder, curiosity, awe, spontaneity, vitality, flexibility, and many other characteristics of a joyous being. An infant has twice as many brain connections as an adult. The young child masters a complex symbol system (their own native language) without any formal instructions. Young children have vivid imaginations, creative minds, and sensitive personalities.  It is imperative that we, as educators and parents, help preserve these genius characteristics of children as they mature into adulthood, so those capacities can be made available to the broader culture at a time of incredible change.

Unfortunately, there are strong forces working at home, in the schools, and within the broader culture, to stifle these genius qualities in children. Many children grow up in homes which put an active damper on the qualities of genius. Factors in the home like poverty, depression and anxiety, pressure on kids to grow up too soon, and rigid ideologies based on hate and fear, actively subdue the qualities of genius in childhood such as playfulness, creativity, and wonder. Schools also put a damper on childhood genius through testing (creativity can’t thrive in an atmosphere of judgment), labeling of kids as learning disabled or ADD, boring teachers, and regimented curriculum. Finally, the broader culture, especially mass media, represses the genius in our children through its constant onslaught of violence, mediocrity, and repugnant role models.

The good news is that there is much that a teacher or parent can do to help children reawaken their natural genius. First, and most importantly, adults need to reawaken their own natural genius—find within themselves the source-waters of their own creativity, vitality, playfulness, and wonder. For when children are surrounded by curious and creative adults, they have their own inner genius sparked into action.

Second, adults need to provide simple activities to activate the genius of children. Something as simple as a story, a toy (Einstein said that a simple magnetic compass awakened his love of learning at the age of four), a visit to a special place, or a question, can unlock the gates to a child’s love of learning. Third, create a “genial” atmosphere at home or school, where kids can learn in a climate free from criticism, comparison, and pressure to succeed.

Treat each child as a unique gift from God capable of doing wonderful things in the world . Finally, understand that each child will be a genius in a totally different way from another child. Forget the standard I.Q. meaning of genius, and use models like the theory of multiple intelligences to help kids succeed on their own terms. By following these simple guidelines for awakening each child’s natural genius, you will be contributing immeasurably to the welfare of your children and to the world they will inherit someday.

Resources

(Sourced from: http://www.institute4learning.com/resources/articles/the-natural-genius-of-children/ and  http://www.institute4learning.com/ on 2.08.2018)

Mastering the Art of Language Arts

Compiled by Hanlie Wentzel on 30 July 2018.

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Language arts (also known as English language arts) is the study and improvement of the arts of language. Traditionally, the primary divisions in language arts are literature and language, where language in this case refers to both linguistics, and specific languages.[1] Language arts instruction typically consists of a combination of readingwriting(composition), speaking, and listening.[2] In schools, language arts is taught alongside sciencemathematics, and social studies.[3]

(Sourced from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Language_arts on 30.07.2018)

The Language Arts

  • Listening: understanding spoken language
  • Speaking: communicating ideas through oral language
  • Reading: understanding written language
  • Writing: communicating through written language
  • Viewing: understanding visual images and connecting them to accompanying spoken or written words
  • Visually Representing: presenting information through images, either alone or along with spoken or written words

(Sourced from https://www.education.com/reference/article/language-arts/ on 30.07.2018)

What should I focus on when teaching Language Arts in our Homeschool?

A. Reading

Reading, by definition, is the ability and knowledge of a language that allows comprehension by grasping the meaning of written or printed characters, words, or sentences. Reading involves a wide variety of print and non-print texts that helps a reader gain an understanding of the material that is being read. Reading of texts that are often included in educational curriculum include fictionnonfiction, classic, and also contemporary works. Reading goes beyond calling words to understanding the information presented in a written or a visual context.

It’s a great idea to start and keep a Reading List for your homeschool, here is how and why: https://www.sonlight.com/blog/the-how-to-of-keeping-reading-lists-for-your-homeschool.html

Here are a few ideas and links to compile your own Reading List.

#Homeschool Reading Lists:

  1. https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/blogs/justin-taylor/a-complete-classical-christian-school-reading-list-grades-1-8/
  2. https://www.goodreads.com/list/tag/homeschool
  3. https://ihomeschoolnetwork.com/homeschool-reading-lists/
  4. http://www.thepeacefulhaven.com/homeschool-reading-list-kindergarten-12th-grade/
  5. https://www.theunlikelyhomeschool.com/2015/06/my-list-of-top-book-lists-and-other.html
  6. http://www.classical-homeschooling.org/celoop/1000.html
  7. https://a2zhomeschooling.com/main_articles/reading_lists_p1/
  8. https://a2zhomeschooling.com/explore/language_arts_kids/high_school_literature_english_reading_lists/
  9. https://blog.hslda.org/2015/07/16/reading-lists-for-teens/
  10. https://welltrainedmind.com/a/the-great-books-history-as-literature/
  11. https://charlottemasonhome.com/2007/05/30/literature-by-grade/
  12. https://simplycharlottemason.com/planning/curriculum-guide/literature/
  13. https://www.goodreads.com/list/show/21764.Charlotte_Mason_Method_Living_Book_List_Elementary_School

B. Composition

Composition is defined as the combination of distinct parts or elements to form a whole and the manner in which these elements are combined or related.[4] The following are examples of composing in language arts:

  • The art or act of composing a literary work (i.e. novels, speeches, poems)
  • A short essay, especially one written as an academic exercise. An essay is a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usually in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative. There are many types of short essays, including:

Compositions may also include:

#Homeschool Creative Writing Resources:

  1. http://iew.com/
  2. http://www.bravewriter.com/
  3. https://www.noredink.com/
  4. http://www.wtmacademy.com/handbook-faq/
  5. http://www.writeathome.com/

#Homeschool Grammar Mechanics Resources:

  1. http://iew.com/fix
  2. https://grammargalaxybooks.com/get-started/
  3. https://www.sonlight.com/homeschool/subjects/language-arts/grammar/keys-to-good-language/
  4. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/grammar
  5. http://www.winstongrammar.com/
  6. https://www.grammarbook.com/
  7. https://www.quill.org/tools/grammar

#Homeschool Spelling/Vocabulary Resources:

  1. https://thebookconnectionblog.wordpress.com/all-about-spelling-interactive-kit/
  2. https://spellingyousee.com/
  3. http://wordlywise3000.com/
  4. https://www.homespellingwords.com/spelling-games

#Homeschool Handwriting Resources:

  1. http://www.areasonfor.com/handwritinginfohome.html
  2. https://www.oikosfamily.co.za/store/product-category/hand-writing-series/
  3. https://practicalpages.wordpress.com/free-pages/handwriting/
  4. https://www.lwtears.com/hwt

C. Speaking

Oration and live delivery are often key components of language arts programs. This can include through dramatic interpretation, speeches, oral interpretation of poetry, and the like. Speaking is a valuable way to enhance concepts of persuasion, and develop linguistic skills.[5]

#Homeschool Public Speaking Resources:

  1. https://a2zhomeschooling.com/explore/language_arts_kids/public_speaking_kids/
  2. https://dualcreditathome.com/2017/08/homeschoolers-guide-developing-public-speaking-skills/
  3. https://cathyduffyreviews.com/homeschool-extras/electives/speech-and-debate/sound-speech-public-speaking-communication-studies
  4. https://www.toastmasters.org/
  5. https://www.homeschool-your-boys.com/public-speaking-in-homeschools/

D. Listening

Listening can be considered the basis for development of speaking, reading, and writing skills.[6] It is the act of understanding spoken language, and is often paired with speaking.

#Homeschool Read-Aloud Reading Lists:

  1. https://sherigraham.com/homeschoolers-read-aloud-guide-book-lists-websites/
  2. http://simplehomeschool.net/top-25-read-alouds/
  3. https://www.design-your-homeschool.com/read-alouds.html
  4. https://readaloudrevival.com/favorite-booklists/
  5. https://www.goodreads.com/list/tag/read-aloud

 

 

Ideation

Compiled by Hanlie Wentzel on 18 May 2018.

Ideation-header

Definition of ideation in English:

ideation
NOUN {mass noun}
The formation of ideas or concepts.
Pronunciation
ideation/ˌʌɪdɪˈeɪʃ(ə)n/

(Sourced from: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/ideation)

What is Ideation – and How to Prepare for Ideation Sessions

BY RIKKE DAM AND TEO SIANG
(Sourced from: https://www.interaction-design.org/literature/article/what-is-ideation-and-how-to-prepare-for-ideation-sessions)

Ideation is the process where you generate ideas and solutions through sessions such as Sketching, Prototyping, Brainstorming, Brainwriting, Worst Possible Idea, and a wealth of other ideation techniques. Ideation is also the third stage in the Design Thinking process. Although many people might have experienced a “brainstorming” session before, it is not easy to facilitate a truly fruitful ideation session. In this article, we’ll teach you some processes and guidelines which will help you facilitate and prepare for productive, effective, innovative and fun ideation sessions.

Ideation is often the most exciting stage in a Design Thinking project, because during Ideation, the aim is to generate a large quantity of ideas that the team can then filter and cut down into the best, most practical or most innovative ones in order to inspire new and better design solutions and products.

“Ideation is the mode of the design process in which you concentrate on idea generation. Mentally it represents a process of ‘going wide’ in terms of concepts and outcomes.

Ideation provides both the fuel and also the source material for building prototypes and getting innovative solutions into the hands of your users.”
– d.school, An Introduction to Design Thinking PROCESS GUIDE

Ideation Will Help You:

  • Ask the right questions and innovate with a strong focus on your users, their needs, and your insights about them.
  • Step beyond the obvious solutions and therefore increase the innovation potential of your solution.
  • Bring together perspectives and strengths of your team members.
  • Uncover unexpected areas of innovation.
  • Create volume and variety in your innovation options.
  • Get obvious solutions out of your heads, and drive your team beyond them.

Why do We Need Ideation in Design Thinking?

We’ll let Grand Old Man of User Experience, Don Norman, answer this important question in a down-to-earth and very relevant way. Don Norman helps us take one step back and reflect upon why we need to challenge assumptions, ask stupid questions and provoke our current understanding, which is—in fact—what Ideation methods such as Challenge Assumptions, SCAMPER, and Provocations help us do:

“One of my concerns has been design education, where the focus has been centered too much upon craft skills and too little on gaining a deeper understanding of design principles, of human psychology, technology and society. As a result, designers often attempt to solve problems about which they know nothing. I have also come to believe that in such ignorance lies great power: The ability to ask stupid questions. What is a stupid question? It is one which questions the obvious. ‘Duh,’ thinks the audience, ‘this person is clueless.’ Well, guess what, the obvious is often not so obvious. Usually it refers to some common belief or practice that has been around for so long that it has not been questioned. Once questioned, people stammer to explain: sometimes they fail. It is by questioning the obvious that we make great progress.

This is where breakthroughs come from. We need to question the obvious, to reformulate our beliefs, and to redefine existing solutions, approaches, and beliefs. That is design thinking. Ask the stupid question. People who know a lot about a field seldom think to question the fundamentals of their knowledge. People from outside the discipline do question it. Many times their questions simply reveal a lack of knowledge, but that is OK, that is how to acquire the knowledge. And every so often, the question sparks a basic and important reconsideration. Hurrah for Design Thinking.”
– Don Norman, in Rethinking Design Thinking

According to Don Norman, asking stupid questions is not stupid at all. However, Ideation and Design Thinking is not only about challenging assumptions and asking so-called stupid questions. It’s also about going from researching and defining your users and their needs in the Empathise and Define phases and moving on into starting to come up with the right solutions for the users via Ideation methods:

“You ideate in order to transition from identifying problems to creating solutions for your users. Ideation is your chance to combine the understanding you have of the problem space and people you are designing for with your imagination to generate solution concepts. Particularly early in a design project, ideation is about pushing for a widest possible range of ideas from which you can select, not simply finding a single, best solution.”
– d.school, An Introduction to Design Thinking PROCESS GUIDE

The d.school celebrates Design Thinking, and d.school provides one of the most – if not the most – celebrated and recognised resources on Design Thinking and ideation techniques. D-school is a design school based at Stanford University in cooperation with the German Hasso Plattner Institute of the University of Potsdam. Here, we’ll introduce you to how you can prepare for Ideation Sessions based on d.school and the international design and consulting firm IDEO’s best practices.

https://dschool.stanford.edu/sandbox/groups/designresources/wiki/36873/attachments/74b3d/ModeGuideBOOTCAMP2010L.pdf

d-school, Bootcamp Bootleg, 2010:
http://dschool.stanford.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/BootcampBootleg2010v2SLIM.pdf

Tim Brown, CEO of IDEO, Change by Design, 2009

Don Norman. Rethinking Design Thinking, 2013:
http://www.core77.com/posts/24579/rethinking-design-thinking-24579

Shark Conservancy @ Hermanus Old Harbour

http://www.sharkconservancy.org/

The SASC team works tirelessly to promote better understanding of sharks, engaging with local communities, students, special education groups, and our global social media platform. Our goals are to dispel myths about sharks, cultivate a sense of stewardship for the oceans and grow conservation-conscious communities around the world.

Our education and outreach initiatives are science-based, ensuring we provide our visitors and education groups with unparalleled insight into the secret world of sharks. We pride ourselves on experiential, hands-on educational programming. Education groups can book special tours of the Shark Lab or can even book special shark tagging trips with our research team.